Physical therapies are usually used in addition to active physiotherapy by masseurs, physiotherapists, or medical lifeguards. The aim of physical therapy is to relieve pain, promote blood circulation, and improve the mobility and flexibility of each individual patient.
At Kliniken Schmieder, the therapists use a wide range of sensations and techniques that are individually suited to the patient’s state of health to enhance the healing and rehabilitation process. These include physical influences such as applying pressure, pulling, heat, cold or electrical stimulation, which affects the body.
Depending on the patient’s condition and goals, a specific physical therapy treatment is made from proven therapy applications such as massages, treatments with electrical stimulation or ultrasound, baths, and heat or cold packs to create personalized therapy sessions. Physical therapy can play a vital role and be a successful rehabilitation measure in helping each individual patient achieve a better quality of life. The following physical therapies are used at Kliniken Schmieder:
Massage therapy manually manipulates soft tissues, including muscles, tendons, and ligaments. It is a common form of physical therapy used to reduce pain, tension, and stiffness in the body.
The masseur’s stretching, pulling, and pressure stimuli during a massage influence the patient’s skin, connective tissue, and muscles. This increases local blood flow, improving healing and relieving pain. The massage has a selective effect and influences the entire organism of the person being treated in a calming and relaxing way.
In many neurological disorders, muscle tension, whether through spasticity or pain, is a common sequela. The therapists at Kliniken Schmieder have found that massage therapy improves muscle tone, reduces muscle spasticity, and increases the range of motion for individuals with these conditions.
Here are some forms of massage:
Electrotherapy is a form of physical therapy involving weak electrical stimulation to treat muscle weakness and loss of function. After electrodes (electrical contacts) are placed on the skin, a weak current is passed through the body, stimulating muscle activity, promoting blood circulation, influencing nerves, alleviating neurological pain, stimulating the metabolic process, and strengthening the body’s defenses.
The electrical current stimulates the muscles and causes them to contract, which helps to build strength and improve function. It can be used for a wide range of neurological conditions, including stroke, traumatic brain injury, and spinal cord injury.
Here are some forms of electrotherapy:
Thermotherapy uses either heat or cold to treat muscle pain, stiffness, and inflammation. Patients can experience relief from muscle tension and pain through this temperature alteration.
The most common form of thermotherapy is using heat packs, which can be applied to specific body areas. Heat therapy can also be delivered through ultrasound, which uses high-frequency sound waves to generate heat within the body. Heat therapy is primarily used to increase blood circulation, relieve pain, and boost metabolism. The heat has a muscle-relaxing, soothing effect and increases the elasticity of connective tissue structures.
Cold therapy, on the other hand, affects muscle tension and lowers the pain threshold. Cold is usually applied in the form of cold air, cold packs, or ice packs and ensures that the activity of nerves and pain receptors is reduced. This leads to significant and long-term pain relief for the patient.
Hydrotherapy is a form of physical therapy in which the element of water is used methodically for therapeutic purposes. The therapy takes place in a pool or other body of water so that the buoyancy of the water makes it easier to move and exercise without putting stress on the joints (hydrostatic pressure). Many movements can, therefore, be carried out more easily and without pain by the patient.
Hydrotherapy can be used to improve the range of motion, build strength, and reduce muscle spasticity. In addition, water can be used as a conduit for heat, soothing the body’s joints and muscular tension (thermal stimulus).
Hydrotherapy can be particularly beneficial for individuals with neurological conditions because it allows for safe and effective exercise that sometimes may be difficult on land, even allowing for strength training. Hydrotherapy is effective for many ailments, including pain, circulatory problems and disorders, sleep disorders, and respiratory conditions.
Effective forms of hydrotherapy include: