Neuropathic pain is a type of pain that occurs when the peripheral or central nervous system is damaged. So, physiological pain creates unpleasant sensations in response to mechanical, chemical, or thermal stimuli. With episodic pain, sensations are manifested by acute burning, numbness of the affected area, and other unpleasant, pronounced symptoms. This type of pain is often chronic, manifesting on an ongoing basis or in episodes.
Given the mechanisms of development of the pathological condition, this type of pain is divided into several types:
About 8-10% of people on the planet suffer from this type of pain, half of which have a severe course. Treatment success provides an integrated approach, considering the etiological factor, rehabilitation techniques, and correction of individual psycho-emotional disorders that occur against the background of neuropathic pain.
The leading cause of neuropathic pain is nerve damage that occurs under several factors. The most common and likely etiological factors include:
Most patients suffer from chronic neuropathic pain, which significantly impairs the quality of human life. The main clinical sign of these disorders is the phenomenon of allodynia, which implies the occurrence of pain in response to an irritant that previously did not cause pain and is not capable of driving it in healthy people. In this case, even light touches can cause pain and discomfort to a person with neuralgia.
If we talk about the most characteristic symptoms of these disorders, they include:
The basis of therapy is an integrated approach. However, it is important to determine the cause of neuropathic pain before starting treatment, which will help develop an optimal treatment plan. In some cases, surgery may be necessary, for example, with traumatic lesions of the peripheral nerves.
In addition, great importance is given to psychological factors, which is why patients with neuralgia are prescribed psychotherapy to reduce anxiety and depression.
Some of the most effective and relevant therapies include:
Rehabilitation measures are of primary importance in neuropathic pain. A well-chosen program and a multidisciplinary approach of a team of highly specialized specialists provide excellent results and, in most cases, help to completely get rid of the problem.
On the basis of the Kliniken Schmieder, the leading specialists are engaged in rehabilitating patients with neuropathic pain – rehabilitation specialists, ergo therapists, psychologists, psychotherapists, and physiotherapists.
Rehabilitation programs are developed on an individual basis and include:
It is important to understand that the rehabilitation program is developed individually for each patient, considering the characteristics of a particular patient, mental state, and age. Our specialists direct all their knowledge and efforts to provide qualified assistance to every patient suffering from neuropathic pain.