Parkinson’s disease is a chronic, slowly progressive pathology of the brain. A degenerative central nervous system process characterizes the pathology. The mechanism of the development and progression of the disease is associated with the pathological synthesis of the alpha-synuclein protein in nerve cells. As a result, there is a gradual death of the affected cellular structures of the nervous system.
The progression of Parkinson’s disease is accompanied by the death of neurons that provide the following functions:
Consequently, the development of Parkinson’s disease causes several disorders affecting the patient’s motor skills, motor functions, and the intellectual sphere. It is believed that alpha-synuclein formation in nerve cells begins long before the first signs of the disease appear — Parkinson’s disease debuts with a significant central nervous system impairment, which becomes known after diagnosis.
Given all of the above and the fact that there is no complete treatment for Parkinson’s disease today, the rehabilitation of patients is of particular importance. Therapeutic and rehabilitation programs are aimed at slowing the disease’s progression and improving patients’ quality of life.
Despite significant advances in diagnostic processes and supportive care for Parkinson’s disease, the true causes of this pathology remain unknown. At the same time, specialists in the field of neurology identify several factors that are highly likely to predispose the development of the disease:
Once having arisen, the process of degeneration in neural trunks becomes irreversible and constantly progresses. It is only possible to slow down the destruction of neurons to some extent.
The principles of Parkinson’s disease treatment in the early and late stages of the course are quite different. When constructing treatment tactics, it is also necessary to consider the patient’s age, concomitant diseases, and other factors.
If it is possible to identify pathology in the early stages of progression, conservative treatment involves:
In the later stages of the progression of the disease, with the aggravation of existing disorders, the only effective direction of conservative therapy is taking levodopa.
In modern medicine, surgical techniques are used to treat patients with Parkinson’s disease:
Stereotactic stimulation – special electrodes are implanted during the operation, continuously stimulating the extrapyramidal nervous system.
Transplantation of dopaminergic neurons is a new yet experimental method of treatment. Transplanted neurons increase dopamine synthesis, improving the patient’s condition.
Because there is no full-fledged treatment for Parkinson’s disease today, rehabilitation is of paramount importance in the fight against the pathological process. Rehabilitation programs are individually developed for each Kliniken Schmieder patient and are adjusted over time. Thus, it is possible not only to slow the progression of Parkinson’s disease but to respond to changes on time, more effectively improving the patient’s quality of life.
The most effective rehabilitation programs include:
Each stage of the rehabilitation program is essential and allows you to maintain certain functions and solve specific problems. For this reason, not only an individual but also an integrated approach is so important.