Lyme disease, also known as borreliosis, is a dangerous pathological process of infectious genesis. The disease develops due to the penetration into the human body of a particular pathogen – the Borrelia spirochete, which occurs with the bite of an ixodid tick.
The pathological process is prone to a chronic course and has various variants. The latter include severe fever, neuritis, myalgia, meningitis, myocarditis, etc. In virtually every case, Lyme disease is accompanied by dermatological erythematous lesions and a wide range of systemic clinical signs.
It is systemic lesions that pose the greatest threat to the patient. Borreliosis can cause complications in which severe damage to the joints, nervous system, and heart occurs. Based on this, in medical practice, there are three stages of disease progression:
Due to the risks of developing severe forms of the disease and its development to advanced stages, treatment should start as early as possible. But even in such cases, most patients require rehabilitation, especially in the event of neurological disorders and lesions of the musculoskeletal system.
The leading cause of the development of Lyme disease is the penetration into the human body of the gram-negative spirochete Borrelia. Infection is transmissible, that is, through the bite of ticks belonging to the genus Ixodes.
The mites mentioned above are capable of parasitizing domestic and wild animals. For this reason, the alimentary route of infection is also possible, for example, when drinking cow’s milk that has not been subjected to heat treatment.
After an ixodid bite, the infection quickly spreads throughout the body, accompanied by a cascade of immunopathological reactions. First, the central nervous system, joints, and heart are affected.
Methods of treating Lyme disease depend on the specifics of the course of the disease and the stage of progression. The primary and only direction of treatment is conservative therapy, which is divided into several components:
Because of the high risk of complications, patients with borreliosis require full rehabilitation. Rehabilitation programs are aimed at eliminating motor and neurological disorders, maintaining the functioning of the cardiovascular system, etc.
In Kliniken Schmieder, a rehabilitation program is developed individually for each patient with Lyme disease. Rehabilitation practices always consider the specifics of complications and the characteristics of the patient’s body. Thanks to this, the doctors can concentrate on solving specific priority problems in this clinical case.
Rehabilitation programs in this case include:
These and other areas of rehabilitation of patients with Lyme disease pursue a global goal – the complete recovery of the patient (or the maximum possible) and improving the quality of his life.